what are the reasons of firms suffering

Task 1. “World financial crisis and recession are the consequences of poor banking practices and aggressive investments made by MNCs”. Based on the given sentence, what are the reasons of firms suffering from financial distress? Briefly elaborate the firm responses to financial distress and mention the advantages and disadvantages of private workout / bankruptcy. (9 marks)

Task 2. “Forecasting is the key for the success of any business firm. Without proper forecasting, businesses fail to materialize their budgets and financial objectives”. With view to the mentioned statement, define financial forecasting and compare between qualitative and quantitative forecasting methods with the help of suitable examples / types. (9 marks)

Task 3. What do you mean by Z score and DuPont Analysis? Briefly specify the strategic uses of these methods in business decision making. (9 marks)

Task 4. Summarized are the key ratios and financial snapshots of three different companies:

Company A Company B Company C
Total Net Profit (current year) $1,000,000 $1,000,000 $1,000,000
Cash Balance (current year) $200,000 $100,000 $20,000
Current ratio 2 times 3 times 4 times
Gross profit ratio 35 % 20 % 18 %
Net profit ratio (based on PAT) 20 % 8 % 4 %
Return on equity 10 % 10 % 10 %
Receivable days 60 days 40 days 90 days
Inventory days 50 days 65 days 120 days
Payable days 100 days 60 days 30 days
Z score 4.75 (B+)Gray Zone 4.95 (BB-)Gray Zone 5.25 (BB)Gray Zone

NOTE: All the three companies are in same industry and have same set of variables exposed to them.

i. From the above information, comment on the financial health of the stated companies. (10 marks)

ii. Highlight the positive factors and red flags for each of the stated companies. (5 marks)

iii. As an investor in the equity market, choose one company for your investment plans. Give proper justification. (5 marks)

Marking scheme:

Task 1 9 marks
Task 2 9 marks
Task 3 9 marks
Task 4 20 marks
Overall structure & referencing 3 marks
TOTAL = 50 marks

This is an “Individual Assignment”.

NOTE: Instructions to candidates:

· Your submissions should be through Turnitin.

· You should write your answers clearly and show relevant workings.

· Use Times Roman / Arial font of 12 size, 1 ½ spacing.

· Downloading information and pasting it in assignment is prohibited.

· Plagiarism is an academic offence. Avoid plagiarism.

· Assignment word limits: no word limit

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