This section is designed to interest your reader in your topic and proposal and provide some context for your
project. At the end of your introduction, include a tentative thesis to indicate to your reader that you are
entering your project looking at your topic through a critical, analytic lens — this thesis should clearly state your
intentions using a meta discursive structure (i.e., “In this project, I will…” or “This research project will
investigate …”). A good formula for an introduction is context + problem/complication + proposed argument or
research question. Each stage in this formula should be a few sentences long. If you are not ready to construct
a hypothesis at this point, be sure to include at least one well-thought-out research question to indicate what
line of inquiry you’re going to use in your research.
Section # 2 – Perspective(s) and Theoretical Framework
This section outlines the theoretical underpinnings of your study. Theories are formulated to explain, predict,
and understand phenomena and, in many cases, to challenge and extend existing knowledge within the limits
of critical bounding assumptions. The theoretical framework is the structure that can hold or support a theory of
a research study. The theoretical framework introduces and describes the theory that explains why the
research problem under study exists.
- Three Sociological Perspective/Theories (2 minimum) .
- Social Justice Theory
- Critical Policy Analysis
- Practice Theory
- A Change Theory
Section # 3 – Methods, techniques, modes of inquiry Research Design/Data sources
In this section, you should discuss the methods and sources you will use to conduct your research, including
specific references to sites, datasets, key texts or authors that you feel will be indispensable to your project.
Include here also references to less traditional research methods– fieldwork, interviews, surveys, visits to
chatrooms, gaming — as applicable to your topic. This is also the section in which you might troubleshoot the
research project, or weigh the benefits and drawbacks of certain types of sources (i.e., availability, bias, etc.).
Make sure your reader understands how the methodology/sources you have chosen are appropriate to your
Section # 4 – Scientific or scholarly significance of the study or work
This section should address the “So What?” of this research. That is, why does what you are investigating
matter as more than an academic exercise? Why should your audience want to read it? Why does it matter?
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